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Why Jute is Called Bast Fiber

Why Jute is Called Bast Fiber?

Why jute is called bast fiber? The history of jute begins with this intriguing query, which introduces us to the fascinating world of natural fibers. Bast fibers are a distinctive form of plant-based material that is valued for its durability and versatility. There are numerous beneficial plants, but jute stands out as a true gem. Also, you should be aware that Jute is known as “The Golden Fiber.”This article examines the origin of the term “jute” and the unique characteristics that make it such an essential and environmentally friendly resource.

In the world of natural fibers, jute stands out as a remarkable and versatile material. Often referred to as the “golden fiber,” jute has been an integral part of human civilization for centuries. One intriguing aspect of jute is its classification as a bast fiber. Join us on this excursion to discover why jute is known as a bast fiber. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind why jute is called bast fiber and delve into the fascinating world of this sustainable wonder.

Where can be found Jute

After cotton, jute is one of the most important natural products in terms of how it is grown and how it is used. What can be grown depends on the weather, the season, and the land.

Almost 85% of the jute grown in the world is grown in the Ganges Delta. India and Bangladesh (mainly West Bengal) share this rich area of land. Jute is also grown in large amounts in China. Thailand, Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, Nepal, and Bhutan all grow jute on a smaller scale.

The growing of jute is a methodical process with several important steps:

Getting the Land Ready: Choose rich, well-drained soil for growing jute. To get a fine tilth, plow and harrow the land.

Seed Choice: Pick high-quality jute seeds, which are usually from the crop that was grown the previous year. Fungicides and insecticides can be used to keep them healthy and free of bugs and diseases.

Sowing: Plant jute seeds in rows or spread them out evenly over the field that has been prepared. Leave enough space between rows and plants.

Watering: Make sure to water your jute regularly and enough, especially when it’s growing, because it needs a steady flow of water.

Removal of Weeds and Thinning: Weeds need to be pulled out every so often so they don’t compete for nutrients and room. Thin out plants that are getting too crowded to help them grow well.

Feeding: Use chemical or organic fertilizers as needed to help plants grow and produce more.

Pest and Disease Control: Keep an eye on the crop for pests and diseases and take the right steps to get rid of them.

When to Harvest: Jute plants should be harvested when they are fully bloomed, which is usually 120 to 150 days after planting. Cut the plants practically off the ground.

Retting: To separate the fibers from the stalks, soak the cut jute plants in water, like in a river or a tank.

Fiber Extraction: Beat or strip the stalks to get the fibers out of the jute after it has been retting for a few weeks.

Drying and Bundling: Let the jute fibers dry in the sun, then bundle them up to sell or use in other projects.

For a good and profitable crop of this valuable natural fiber, jute farming needs to pay close attention to all of these steps.

Understanding Bast Fibers:

Before we unravel the mystery of why jute is considered a bast fiber, it’s essential to grasp the concept of bast fibers and their significance in the textile industry.

Bast fibers are a category of natural fibers derived from the inner bark or phloem of certain plants. These fibers are prized for their durability, strength, and versatility, making them ideal for various applications, including textiles and ropes. Common bast fibers include flax, hemp, ramie, and, of course, jute.

Why Jute Is Called a Bast Fiber:

Jute gets its classification as a bast fiber due to its unique growth and fiber extraction process. Unlike cotton, which comes from the fluffy seed fibers of the cotton plant, jute fibers are obtained from the inner bark of the jute plant (Corchorus species). Here’s a closer look at the process:

Plant Growth: Jute plants grow to a height of 10 to 12 feet and have a hollow, bamboo-like stem.

Fiber Location: The bast or phloem of the jute plant is located just beneath the outer bark.

Harvesting: When the jute plant reaches maturity, the stems are harvested. The outer bark is removed to expose the inner fibers.

Fiber Extraction: The inner fibers are then extracted through a process called retting, which involves soaking the stems in water to loosen the fibers from the woody core.

Separation: After retting, the fibers are separated from the woody core, resulting in long, fine jute fibers.

Characteristics of Jute as a Bast Fiber:

Strength: Jute fibers are known for their remarkable strength, making them suitable for manufacturing durable products like sacks, bags, and ropes.

Versatility: Jute fibers can be spun into yarns, woven into fabrics, and blended with other fibers to enhance their properties.

Sustainability: Jute is considered an eco-friendly fiber due to its biodegradability, low pesticide requirements, and high yield per acre, making it an excellent choice for sustainable textile production.

Cost-Effectiveness: Jute is often more affordable than synthetic fibers, making it an attractive option for a wide range of applications.


To sum up Follow this guide to learn why jute is called bast fiber and discover more about this wonderful, eco-friendly material.

Finally, we explored natural fibers and why jute is called a bast fiber. Human civilization has relied on bast fibers from plant inner bark for generations. Bast fibers like jute are strong and multifunctional.

This botanical composition explains why jute is called a bast fiber. Corchorus, or jute plants, have important fibers in the phloem or inner bark. Long, cellulose-rich bundles in this inner bark make jute fibers strong, resilient, and versatile.

Jute is a “bast fiber” because of its botanical origin and amazing properties, making it essential in textiles, packaging, and other sectors. Eco-friendliness, biodegradability, and affordability make jute a good bast fiber.

Finally, jute’s bast fiber status recognizes its remarkable attributes and long connection to human history. Explaining why jute is called a bast fiber encourages us to use nature’s resources wisely as we seek sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives.

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